Colombia travel guide

2 minute summary

It could be the potent coffee of the lowlands, the mind-bending heat and humidity of the coast, or the lack of oxygen in the Andes but somehow, when you travel around Colombia everything feels a little dreamlike, and the distinction between truth and fiction starts to blur. Begin in Bogot, where hipster youths lean on political graffiti-clad walls of colonial buildings, against a breathtaking Andean backdrop. Move on to cobbled colonial villages, where youll believe time stopped 300 years ago, as you sip sweet chocolate con queso in whitewashed cafes.

Canoe through the Amazon, where pink dolphins frolic in the flooded forests as monkeys and macaws shriek in the background. Then head to the coast, where the countrys highest mountains overlook calm, Caribbean waters. Nearby, the streets of candy-coloured Cartagena echo to the sound of beating congas, the clatter of hooves, and the calls of Afro-Colombian women balancing bowls of pineapple and papaya on their heads.

Read on in our Colombia travel guide.
Colombia is...

home to around 10 percent of all the earths species making it the second most biologically diverse country in the world.
Colombia isn't...

dangerous. The few pockets of trouble are far from the tourist trail, leaving you to wander worry-free.

colombia map & highlights

make the most of your time

Colombias huge size (you could fit the UK into it almost five times), combined with its stunning but often impenetrable landscapes from thick jungle to 5,000m+ mountains mean youre just not going to see it all in one trip, so do your research and decide which places inspire you the most. The good news is that every destination has several attractions: colonial villages are also gateways to hiking and biking havens; the Zona Cafetera is the hub of some heady salsa, and the magnificent cities of the Caribbean coast are just a short boat ride or hike away from stunning beaches. Roads are generally good, and comfortable to travel on though youll still be dependent on the short, cheap flights to whisk you off to the coast, mountains or Amazon; theyll save you several days traveling.
The Amazon Cartagena Salento & the Zona Cafetera San Gil Tayrona National Park Villa de Leyva

The Amazon

The Amazon covers over a third of Colombia; the gateway town of Leticia on the Peru-Brazil border is only accessible by air. Start your jungle exploration at the Ethnographic Museum, before traveling along rivers to isolated lodges and private reserves, past macaws and pink dolphins. Take jungle treks, look down from canopy walkways and visit the village of Mocagua for a different perspective of this rainforest.


Time seems to have stood still in Old Cartagena, a magnificent, colonial, Caribbean city where every candy-coloured building presents a photo opportunity. Bougainvillea tumbles down the wooden bars on the double height windows, and the sound of hooves on the cobbled streets is eerily evocative. If you can tear yourself away, take daytrips to the mangroves, mud volcano or tiny offshore islands.

Salento & the Zona Cafetera

Tucked away into Colombias lush Zona Cafetera, Salento is very pretty and friendly base for excursions out into the surrounding cloud forest and coffee plantations. Youll learn how these potent beans are grown, harvested and processed often by hand. A top activity is a hike through the lush, green Corcora Valley, lined with spindly, 60m-tall quindo wax palms, the symbol of Colombia.

San Gil

San Gil is Colombias undisputed capital of adventure sports. Use the town as your base and take daytrips out to the Chicamocha Canyon which has South Americas longest cable car; trek to the Juan Curi Waterfall; kayak or raft along rivers; or explore the nearby caves. If youre after calmer adventures, visit colonial Barichara. Just 45 minutes away, its said to be Colombias prettiest village.

Tayrona National Park

Dreamy, tropical coastline, lush rainforest and soaring mountains, all within sight of one another; Tayrona is a dream destination. Over 400 bird species, from parrots to condors, inhabit this park; keep an eye out for monkeys and iguanas too. The secluded Caribbean beaches with their offshore reefs have no road access so youll have to hike, though you can drive to pre-Colombian ruins in the mountains.

Villa de Leyva

This gorgeous, whitewashed town looks pretty much as it did when it was founded in 1572, with its chunkily cobbled streets, tiled roofs and enormous plaza the largest in the country. Its great for people watching with a coffee or cold guila beer, but make sure you get out into the surrounding landscapes, great for trekking and mountain biking. Check out the dinosaur fossil and tranquil blue pozo pools, too.
Photo credits: [Topbox Cartagena: McKay Savage] [Houses: McKay Savage] [Jungle: Mihai] [Amazon bird: Carine06] [Cartagena: Justin Sovich] [Salento, Cocora valley: McKay Savage] [San Gil: Stephen Bugno] [Tayrona beach: David Shankbone] [Villa de Leyva: Dr EG]
Written by Vicki Brown
Off the beaten track holiday to Colombia

Off the beaten track vacation to Colombia

Adventure through Colombia - highlights and off the beaten track

From 2498 16 days ex flights
Colombia vacation, small group

Colombia vacation, small group

From one enticing town to the next, a two week tour of Colombia

From US $1445 14 days ex flights
Biking vacation in Colombia

Biking vacation in Colombia

Road cycling in the beautiful 'Eje Cafetero' coffee region

From US $3485 13 Days ex flights
Colombia adventure vacation, viva Colombia

Colombia adventure vacation, viva Colombia

Experience nature & culture on this fantastic adventure

From 3245 14 Days ex flights
Colombia nature & culture tour

Colombia nature & culture tour

Nature and culture itinerary in unexplored Colombia

From US $3500 15 Days ex flights
Colombia multi-activity tour

Colombia multi-activity tour

Hike, bike and raft through beautiful Colombia!

From US $3295 11 Days ex flights
Highlights of Colombia vacation, tailor-made

Highlights of Colombia vacation, tailor-made

Bogota, Coffee Region, Medellin & Cartagena - Tailormade

From 1850 14 Days ex flights
Colombia tour, highlights

Colombia tour, highlights

Guided tour of Colombia cultural and historic highlights

From 2150 15 Days ex flights
Colombia luxury vacation, 9 days

Colombia luxury vacation, 9 days

Sensorial experiences in an undiscovered destination

From US $5000 9 Days ex flights
Photo credits: [Page banner: ]