Senegal travel guide


Its no coincidence that NDour was briefly made Senegals Minister of Tourism, his serene Mbalax music has put this diminutive West African country on the map, and visitors today can visit Dakar bars frequented by the musician. But the significance of music here stretches far beyond light entertainment. Senegals music has its roots in the tradition of griots keepers of oral traditions and storytellers who use their songs, drumming and wit to make political commentary, reinforce customs, and spread gossip. Even Senegals first president, Lopold Senghor, was a renowned poet.
Our Senegal travel guide takes you along the rivers and roads of this West African nation, to meet its pastoral Tukolor of the Sahel, the animistic Dioula of the Casamance, and the swinging jazz bars and fusion cuisine of Saint Louis and Dakar. Senegal combines Christian and Muslim heritage, French and North African influence, forests and desert into one fascinating, uplifting harmony.

Senegal map & highlights


Senegal is dominated by the Sahel to the north, the lush savannah of the Casamance region to the south of the Gambia, and the tropical coast to the west. Its not just the climate and scenery that changes, but the culture as well, making it worth venturing to both northern and southern regions during your Senegal vacation. Senegals highlights are clustered in the west of the country, making them all easily accessible by road, by boat along the coast between the north and south, and by river cruise from Saint Louis along the border with Mauritania. National parks, busy cities, ancient mosques and semi-nomadic villages all offer the chance to get to explore the many sides of Senegal, so throw off any preconceptions and really get to know this diverse nation.
Casamance Dakar & Gore Island Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary Fulani villages Saint Louis Touba


Senegals southern arm is known as the Casamance region reached by ferry from the north with possible dolphin sightings along the way. Arriving here youll think youre in another country; Casamance is lush and green with sacred forests. Meet the Dioula, an animistic tribe whose fortified adobe homes dot the tropical savannah. You might even have an audience with their monarch.

Dakar & Gore Island

A buzzing coastal city with a great vibe, you can slip into Senegalese life straight away in Dakar with an evening in one of the citys live music bars, and sampling local food, with its French, Portuguese, North African and Wolof influences. Check out the African art in the IFAN Museum, then board a boat for a poignant visit to Gore Island, from where some 20 million slaves were shipped to the Americas.

Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary

This UNESCO-protected wetland is centred on a lake surrounded by partially flooded streams and pools habitat for around 1.5 million birds with 365 species, including pelicans, egrets, purple herons and spoonbills. Boat cruises are the best way to explore this incredible yet fragile oasis, and tours benefit local communities encouraging them to continue to preserve these wetlands.

Fulani villages

The Sahel has long been the traditional home of the semi-nomadic Fulani people. In Senegal, they live around the Ferlo Desert, covering most of the countrys arid north. Tours here reveal how the lives of these herders revolve around zebu cattle, grazing them around the parched savannah. Homestays take place in traditional grass huts managed by the community for an authentic desert nomad experience.

Saint Louis

Surrounded by the River Senegal, this historic island city was once the capital of French West Africa. Take a caliche (horse and carriage) ride through its ochre and maroon streets, where colonial architecture stands beside Islamic and Christian buildings. In the afternoon, kick back on the Langue de Barberie, a 600km-long sand spit stretching to the Atlantic which is home to a local fishing village.


The sacred town of Touba is a Mourid Islamic stronghold and a wonderful place to learn about Senegals 1,000-year-old Muslim heritage and three distinct sects, beginning with the striking Great Mosque. Conservative clothing should be worn by both men and women here, and alcohol, tobacco and music are forbidden in respect of this most sacred of towns. But obey these rules, and you will be warmly welcomed.

Photo credits: [Top box: jbdodane] [Map intro: Marten van der Kamp] [Casamance: Niels Broekzitter] [Dakar & Gore Island: Robin Taylor] [Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary: Marten van der Kamp] [Fulani villages: Jeremy Weate] [Saint Louis: Jeff Attaway] [Touba: tinofrey] [Helpdesk: Jeff Attaway]
Written by Vicki Brown
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